What are its advantages and disadvantages

Last week, as the 5G spectrum auction concluded, India entered the league of nations with this coveted technology. According to the government, 5G services will be launched in the country by the end of this year or early 2023. Notably, for years now, global telecommunications carriers, internet companies and mobile phone operators have been planning to implement and use 5G technology, for easy accessibility and feasible functions. As the global technological scenarios change with the introduction of artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things (IoT), experts say that 5G technology will be quintessential for industrial revolution 4.0.

However, as the global telecommunications industry prepares for 5G technology, experts say that despite having many advantages, 5G has many dark aspects that would require detailed discussion among industry leaders and governments worldwide.

Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of 5G technology:

Advantages of 5G Technology

High speed- One of the major advantages of 5G technology is its ability to work faster on cellular and other devices. Unlike its predecessors—2G, 3G, 4G and 4G LTE, where downloading movies, videos and music and streaming services would take hours, with 5G technology these tasks become much easier when downloading takes just a few seconds. Additionally, one area where 5G technology will add value is the world’s booming gaming industry, according to experts. An average user can use up to 20 Gbps of internet with this technology.

Obscurity- Compared to its predecessors, 5G technology has low latency, which makes it easier to support other new technology technologies such as artificial intelligence, IoT and virtual reality, which is another important advantage of 5G technology. Moreover, due to its low latency, it makes browsing easier, thus improving the customer experience.

Bandwidth- With increased bandwidth, 5G technology provides seamless data transfer, thereby improving connectivity between devices and the overall user experience. In addition, the technology provides users with a seamless service transition between cellular devices and wireless wifi, thereby improving performance. This is another advantage of 5G technology. Additionally, fewer 5G towers would also provide users with improved bandwidth.

Disadvantages of 5G technology

Limited coverage: While 5G technology is advertised as having the fastest speed, its presence in only select cities worldwide that have 5G towers is one of the limitations of this technology. Despite global companies and governments working for the largest cities to have 5G coverage, it will take years to introduce and implement, as testing, testing and installing 5G towers is an expensive process.

Weak upload speeds: Experts believe that despite its ability to have faster download speeds, 5G technology will have slower upload speed compared to 4G and 4G LTE. This is another drawback of 5G technology.

Battery failures: Another limitation of 5G technology is that it weakens the mobile device, draining the battery and shortening the lifespan. So far, only a few manufacturers have introduced 5G-friendly mobile phones. While research and development is underway to make 5G devices, the technology is proving to be a bane for 4G devices as it often leads to battery failure according to experts.

Interference with airport and flight operations: In January this year, several airlines, including Air India, canceled their flights to the US as the country’s telecom operators scrambled to roll out 5G services in the country. One of the major reasons behind flight cancellations was the interference of technology in flight operations, according to the US aviation authority. Although this issue has not been addressed by other nations where 5G services have been launched, this makes it yet another limitation of 5G technology.

Cyber ​​Security Risk: Another disadvantage of 5G technology is that it increases the risk of hacking, thereby affecting cyber security. In addition, the lack of encryption during the connection process also makes devices using 5G technology an easier target for cyber attacks and data theft.

5G technology in India

In India, the 5G spectrum auction started on July 26 and ended on August 1, with the government collecting a whopping Rs 1,50,173 crore through the bids. The government had put 72 GHz airwaves up for sale in 10 bands, of which 71 percent have been sold. The spectrum bands made available for sale include: low (600 MHz, 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2300 MHz, 2500 MHz), medium (3300 GHz) and high (3300 MHz) and high.

Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Jio emerged as the winner of the bid in several spectrum bands, including the capped 700 MHz band worth Rs 88,078 crore. Sunil Mittal-led Bharti Airtel bagged the second spot after buying 19,867 MHZ airwaves worth Rs 43,084 crore. While beleaguered telco Vodafone-Idea Limited (VIL) bought spectrum worth Rs 18,784 crore, Adani Group bought spectrum bands worth Rs 212 crore.

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